A pulmonary rehabilitation program can be established with a very small team: one practitioner and one patient will do!
Indeed, it's possible to call upon the members of an interdisciplinary team but only when needed, in other words, to address a specific and one-off problem involving a given patient. Meanwhile, one must never neglect the importance of the actual patient and their family.
Afterwards, if needed, the patient can be referred to other health care professionals, bringing an interdisciplinary approach into play, who can then educate the patient and monitor their progress in each of their respective fields of expertise.
When several specialized health care professionals work together, several benefits will ensue, notably:
In addition, the management of the team should be the responsibility of one or more of its members. It will often be the pneumologist who heads the organization and acts as the medical director.
The interdisciplinary approach is one of the key strengths of pulmonary rehabilitation programs, but it also gives rise to a number of challenges, for example:
To ensure that the rehabilitation team functions smoothly, the members have to:
One of the ways to ensure the effectiveness of each of the members of the interdisciplinary team involves clarifying the role that each one must play. In addition, it is crucial that all the practitioners are suitably qualified in their field. Continuous training is essential to keep up to date on current knowledge, as well as to develop new insights and awareness.